The provision of shared housing in England is regulated by several key pieces of legislation, including the Licensing of Houses in Multiple Occupation (Mandatory Conditions of Licences) (England) Regulations 2018, the Management of Houses in Multiple Occupation (England) Regulations 2006 and the Minimum Amenities Standards for Houses in Multiple Occupation (HMO) in 2020. This article will explore these regulations in detail and their impact on HMO landlords, those who are looking to undergo a HMO conversion and tenants.
Licencing of Houses in Multiple Occupation
The Licensing of Houses in Multiple Occupation (Mandatory Conditions of Licences) (England) Regulations 2018 is a key piece of legislation that specifies HMO licencing requirements. Under these regulations, HMOs with five or more tenants forming two or more households must be licenced by the local council. The licence will specify the number of tenants allowed in the property, and the landlord must comply with the conditions specified in the licence, including fire safety and emergency evacuation requirements. The licence will also be subject to periodic inspections to ensure that the standards are being maintained.
The Management of Houses in Multiple Occupation
The Management of Houses in Multiple Occupation (England) Regulations 2006 were introduced to address the growing concerns surrounding the safety and welfare of tenants living in HMOs. These regulations impose obligations on landlords regarding the management of HMOs. For example, landlords must ensure that:
- The property is free from hazards that could cause harm to occupants, such as electrical or gas safety hazards.
- Adequate measures are in place to prevent the spread of fire, including the installation of smoke detectors and fire doors.
- Adequate facilities are provided for the storage, disposal, and collection of household waste.
- Common areas of the property, such as hallways and staircases, are kept clean and safe.
- Occupants are provided with information about the property, including contact details for the landlord or managing agent, and information about their rights and responsibilities as tenants.
Read more about HMO Management Regulations.
Minimum Amenities Standards for Houses in Multiple Occupation
The Minimum Amenities Standards for Houses in Multiple Occupation in 2020 set out the minimum standards for the amenities and facilities that must be provided in HMOs. These standards cover a range of areas, including HMO room sizes, fire safety, kitchen and bathroom facilities, heating and ventilation, and more. The standards aim to provide safe, secure, and healthy living conditions for tenants in shared housing, and landlords must comply with these standards to maintain their HMO licence.
Read more about HMO Standards.
HMO regulations play a crucial role in regulating the provision of shared housing in England and ensuring that tenants live in safe, secure, and healthy conditions. Landlords must be aware of the various regulations that apply to HMOs, including licensing requirements, HMO management rules and minimum amenities standards. Failure to comply with these regulations can result in enforcement action, fines, and even legal proceedings.
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