Fire Safety Instructions in HMOs

Ensuring HMO Compliance and Safety

The heightened awareness of fire safety in residential properties, especially in Houses in Multiple Occupation (HMOs), has been significantly amplified following devastating events such as the Grenfell Tower fire. This has underscored the necessity for landlords and property managers to adhere to fire safety regulations and legal mandates, ensuring their properties meet compliance standards and provide a secure environment for all inhabitants.

Understanding the Legal Framework

The legal framework regulating fire safety in Houses in Multiple Occupation (HMOs) in the UK is anchored by two pivotal pieces of legislation: the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 and the Fire Safety (England) Regulations 2022. While the 2005 Order laid the foundational requirements for fire safety, the Fire Safety (England) Regulations 2022 brought in further specifications and responsibilities, particularly relevant to HMO landlords.

The Fire Safety (England) Regulations 2022, building upon the earlier legislation, places additional obligations on landlords and property managers of HMOs. These include:


  • Comprehensive Fire Risk Assessment: Landlords must undertake a thorough fire risk assessment of their properties. This assessment is not a one-time exercise but needs regular updates to reflect any changes in the property structure, occupancy, or fire safety equipment.
  • Implementation of Appropriate Fire Safety Measures: Based on the risk assessment, landlords are required to implement suitable fire safety measures. These measures may include installing and maintaining fire detection and alarm systems, ensuring the availability and accessibility of fire-fighting equipment, and maintaining the integrity of HMO fire doors and escape routes.
  • Providing Clear Fire Safety Instructions: It is crucial for HMO landlords to communicate effectively with their tenants regarding fire safety. This involves providing clear instructions on what to do in the event of a fire, information about the fire detection systems in place, guidance on using fire-fighting equipment, and ensuring that all residents understand the importance of maintaining the functionality of fire doors.
  • Regular Updates and Training: The regulations also emphasize the importance of keeping fire safety instructions and training up to date. This could involve regular drills, updating evacuation plans, and ensuring new residents are familiar with fire safety procedures.
  • Addressing Specific Needs: Landlords must consider the specific needs of residents, including those with mobility issues or disabilities. This might involve creating personalised evacuation plans or ensuring that fire safety measures are accessible to all.
  • Compliance and Accountability: The 2022 Regulations underscore the importance of compliance. Landlords who fail to meet these stringent requirements may face legal consequences, including fines or prosecution.

Fire Safety Instructions

Despite the requirement for Houses in Multiple Occupation (HMOs) to display Fire Safety Instructions, it’s a concerning reality that many do not adhere to this mandate. To address this gap, the following section outlines the crucial elements that should be included in Fire Safety Instructions for HMOs.

1. Evacuation Strategy: This should provide clear, step-by-step instructions on what tenants should do in the event of a fire. It should detail the safest ways to evacuate the building, including the location of all exits and escape routes. Maps or diagrams showing these routes can be particularly helpful. Emphasize the importance of leaving belongings behind and moving quickly and calmly to the nearest exit.

2. Fire Detection and Alarm Systems: Include comprehensive information about the fire detection systems installed in the property. Explain how these systems operate, the sounds they make when activated, and what actions residents should take upon hearing an alarm. This could also include instructions on testing and maintaining smoke detectors in individual rooms.

3. Fire Fighting Equipment: Clearly describe the location of all fire fighting equipment, such as extinguishers and fire blankets, within the property. Provide instructions on how to use this equipment safely and effectively. However, remind tenants that their safety comes first and that they should only attempt to use fire-fighting equipment if it is safe to do so.

4. Fire Doors: Explain the importance and functionality of fire doors in preventing the spread of fire and smoke. Include instructions on keeping these doors closed at all times and not to prop them open, as this can compromise the safety of the entire building.

5. Reporting a Fire: Offer clear guidelines on how to report a fire. This should include emergency contact numbers, the building’s address, and any internal procedures for alerting other residents. Highlight the importance of calling the fire service immediately in the event of a fire.

6. Special Considerations: Provide additional guidance for residents with mobility issues, disabilities, or any other need that might require special arrangements during an evacuation. This could involve creating Personal Emergency Evacuation Plans (PEEPs) for these residents.

7. Regular Updates and Reminders: State the importance of regularly reviewing and updating these fire safety instructions. Include reminders for residents to familiarise themselves with these instructions periodically.

8. Emergency Contact Information: Besides emergency services, list contact information for the property manager or responsible person in case of fire safety concerns or equipment malfunctions.


Effective fire safety management in HMOs is not just a legal requirement but a moral obligation to protect the lives of residents. By providing clear, comprehensive fire safety instructions and ensuring adherence to safety protocols, landlords and property managers play a crucial role in preventing fire tragedies. Regular updates and education about fire safety practices are essential in fostering a safe living environment for all occupants.

If you need Fire Safety Instructions written up for your HMO, do feel free to contact us, we can provide these for £199. 

Carl Evans

Written By Carl Evans

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